Also called: Hallux Abducto Valgus; Hallux Valgus; Metatarsus Primus Varus
A bunion is when your big toe points toward the second toe causing a bump to appear on the outside edge of your toe. It can also affect the inner foot at the base of the little toe.
Risk Factors and Symptoms
Bunions most commonly affect women; in fact, bunions are nine times more frequently found in women than men. Wearing narrow-toed, high-heeled shoes can cause a bunion to develop. Tight-fitting shoes can also increase the risk for bunions. They can also be genetic.
Bunions may or may not cause symptoms. Symptoms can include:
- Red, calloused skin along the inside edge of the big toe
- Bony bump at this site
- Pain over the joint, which pressure from shoes can make worse
- Big toe turned toward the other toes
Diagnosis and Approaches to Treatment
Doctors can diagnose a bunion by a simple physical examination. A foot x-ray may also be done to show an abnormal angle between the big toe and the foot.
Treatment for bunions varies on the individual. It could be simply resting the foot and wearing wider shoes sandals to relieve the pain. If the bunion does not hurt, then treatment may not be necessary. Depending on how bad the bunion is will determine whether or not a procedure is necessary and how invasive it will be. However, when the second toe starts to come over your big toe, it’s considered an urgent care situation.