Also called: Vertebral Augmentation
Vertebroplasty is performed to address vertebral compression fractures (VCF) and is usually an outpatient procedure. Using live x-ray guidance, a small probe is inserted into the collapsed vertebra, and cement is inserted. The cement hardens within minutes, which stabilizes the fracture. By stabilizing the fracture, the chance of further fracture is reduced and most patients have rapid and significant pain relief, although no results are guaranteed.
The complication rates for vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty are uncommon, from 2% for osteoporotic fractures and up to 10% for malignancy-related tumors.