Breast Cancer Screening & Detection Services
The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 187,480 new cases of breast cancer in women in the US in 2007, and that over 40,000 women will die from the disease (American Cancer Society).
When breast cancer is found early and is still localized (restricted to the site of origin, without evidence of spread), the relative survival rate, when measured at five years, is about 100 percent (American Cancer Society).
According to the National Cancer Institute screening guidelines, women in their 40s and older should begin having a screening mammogram on a regular basis, every one to two years. But the American Cancer Societyrecommends that by age 40, women should have a screening mammogram every year. (A diagnostic mammogram may be required when a questionable area is found during a screening mammogram).
Both organizations suggest that women who may be at increased risk for breast cancer should consult with their physicians about whether to begin having mammograms at an earlier age.
An evaluation of a breast lump or mammogram finding includes a thorough medical history, a physical examination, and additional diagnostic tests, such as a breast ultrasound. A biopsy may be needed for suspicious or abnormal findings. If cancer is found, other imaging and laboratory tests may be necessary. The appropriate tests will be determined by the type of cancer, and if and where the cancer has spread (2007: Breast Cancer NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines for Patients).
The UAMS Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute provides a full range of breast cancer screening and detection services for breast cancer. These include:
- Breast Ultrasound
- Breast MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
- Digital Mammograms or Full-Field Digital Mammography
- Breast Biopsy
- Fine Needle
- Wire Localization
- Fine Needle
- Genetic Testing
- Community Breast Cancer Education Programs
- Mobile Mammography Screening
- Cancer Control Outreach for High Risk Populations
- Cancer Prevention Activities