The main concern associated with diabetic foot care is neuropathy, which is nerve damage that results in the loss of sensation in the feet and other limbs. Without sensation in the feet, it is easy to suffer blisters, corns and sores, which can cause infection, and serious infections can lead to the loss of limbs. Diabetes can also cause reduced blood flow to the feet and other limbs, which puts patients at risk for ulcers.
Our podiatrists recommend that you receive regular foot screenings from your physician to prevent serious foot problems and to visit your physician as soon as possible upon developing a sore, corn, blister, bruise or other injury.
To prevent diabetic foot problems from developing, follow these suggestions:
- Check your feet and toes daily for cuts, sores, bruises, bumps or infections.
- Wash your feet daily using warm water and mild soap. Avoid soaking the feet for a long period of time. Dry your feet thoroughly.
- Cover your feet with petroleum jelly before putting on shoes and socks to prevent dry skin.
- Cut toenails straight across.
- Wear thick, soft socks and avoid slippery stockings. Never go barefoot.
- Examine your shoes for tears, sharp edges, or objects in them before wearing.
- Wear shoes that fit well and allow your toes to move.
- Use an emery board or pumice stone to file away dead skin. Do not try to cut off growths yourself.
- Avoid sitting with your legs crossed.
- Wear socks if your feet become cold at night and do not use a heating pad or hot water bottle.