DEC. 13, 2004 | With plenty of balloons, cake and even gifts, the centennial celebration of the Department of Pediatrics in the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) College of Medicine on Dec. 1 was a party any child would enjoy. The party, however, wasn’t for the children, but for the faculty who have dedicated their careers and hearts to improving the lives of children in
The celebration, a faculty luncheon, was held at Arkansas Children’s Hospital, a teaching affiliate of UAMS that houses the main offices of the Department of Pediatrics. The occasion also was commemorated with the unveiling of a photograph of the department’s faculty, residents and fellows.
“The UAMS Department of Pediatrics has witnessed a remarkable and successful evolution since its beginnings in 1904,” said Debra Fiser, M.D., the department’s chair and a professor of pediatrics.
James Graham, M.D., associate professor of pediatrics in the UAMS College of Medicine, shared a PowerPoint presentation showing the evolution of UAMS, the Department of Pediatrics and Arkansas Children’s Hospital.
The branch of medicine specializing in the care of children began in
Vida Gordon, M.D., established the Department of Pediatrics as an individual entity within the Medical Department in 1947. William A. Reilly, M.D., served as the department’s first chair and facilitated its first large philanthropic gift, a $500,000 grant from the Buchanan Foundation in 1950. Funds from this grant established the William Buchanan Pavilion for Children, which provided space for 135 pediatric beds. Graham said the foundation took a step toward desegregation with the pavilion in specifying that “all children could be taken care of regardless of race.”
Graham pointed out that the Department of Pediatrics in 1947 had a budget of $33,420, which covered the salaries of one full-time pediatrician, a part-time pediatrician, two nurses, one lab tech, a social worker, two residents and a secretary. “Even then they realized the necessity of the team approach,” he said.
Dr. Katherine Dodd in 1952 became the first female chair of pediatrics at UAMS and in the nation. In May of 1962 the Journal of Pediatrics published a special edition in her honor, complete with journal articles from many of her students
The department saw remarkable growth from 1957 to 1970 during the tenure of Dr. Theodore Panos. Under his leadership, the department’s faculty increased from two to 17 and the number of pediatricians in the state grew from 19 to 51. Panos was instrumental in obtaining the federally funded Children and Youth Project, which extended health services to low-income children and families in
Betty Lowe, M.D., became medical director for ACH in 1977, and played a vital role in the hospital’s evolution into one of the nation’s leaders in pediatric care with 260 patient beds and more than 70 specialty clinics. In 1993, she was elected president of the
Today, the Department of Pediatrics is the UAMS College of Medicine’s largest department with more than 170 faculty and 950 professionals, paraprofessionals and support staff. In 1980 the UAMS Department of Pediatrics was moved to Arkansas Children’s Hospital where UAMS pediatricians and pediatric specialists now provide the majority of medical care.
“A major milestone for the department has been the formation of the Children’s Hospital Research Institute in 1989, which allowed us to expand possibilities for research on the Arkansas Children’s Hospital (ACH) campus,” Fiser said. “Within the last five years, we have recruited senior leadership that includes several researchers with National Institutes of Health funding.”
The UAMS Department of Pediatrics ranks among the top 10 pediatric departments in the country in size and programs, and continues to excel within its three major areas of focus: clinical services, education and research.
The department offers a wide range of clinical services at ACH and UAMS, where it staffs the neonatal intensive care unit and nurseries that provide care for more than 10,000 inpatient admissions and 1,200 newborns each year. Department physicians provide clinical services at the
Specialized programs administered by the Department of Pediatrics include the Transplant Services and Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Service,
The Department of Pediatrics administers the only fully accredited pediatric residency program in the state. The UAMS Pediatric Training Program at ACH offers a three-year pediatric residency and four-year combined pediatric and internal medicine residency. ACH also serves as the pediatric education facility for numerous other medical specialties at UAMS, including surgery, cardiovascular surgery, urology, orthopaedics, otolaryngology, ophthalmology, neurosurgery and radiology.
Research centers and programs within the department include: The Center for Applied Research and Evaluation, The Arkansas Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention, The Pediatrics Pharmacology Research Unit and the Delta Nutrition Project. Pediatrics faculty members also are involved in research in pulmonary and critical care medicine, as well as infectious diseases, allergy, endocrinology, hematology-oncology, neonatology and psychology.
Arkansas Children’s Hospital is a longtime clinical and teaching affiliate of UAMS. The two institutions coordinate clinical service, educational programs and research initiates among pediatrics faculty and other university faculty.
Links on This Page
Arkansas Children’s Hospital http://www.archildrens.org/