LITTLE ROCK – A
She plans to use her grant to explore the effects of domestic and community violence on children over time. An estimated 10 million children in the
McKelvey is examining data collected from 985 families in the Infant Health and Development Program, a study started in 1985 to evaluate a comprehensive early intervention for low-birth-weight, premature infants designed to reduce the infants’ health and developmental problems. The study tracked the physical, cognitive and behavioral development of participating children from birth through age 18, gathering information on all issues that might impact development, including exposure to violence.
The data will allow McKelvey to chart the impact of the violence over several years. She said the study was one of the few to have such developmental data on participants from birth to age 18.
The study also will examine the effect of continued exposure to domestic violence – both physical and verbal – and community violence that could range from crime to negative conditions such as unemployment and drug use.
“There have been studies showing that exposure to violence raised the risk of immediate or short term development problems,” McKelvey said. “We want to see if that effect lasts over several years or whether continued exposure to violence compounds the problem.”
McKelvey said the study also would allow researchers to see how the varying degrees of exposure to violence at home or in the community or both affect development.
“Perhaps there’s a situation where a child has a good family life but is regularly exposed to community violence or the opposite,” McKelvey said. “This study will examine development for those children as well as for children who are exposed to both forms of violence.”
McKelvey said the study results could guide improvements in programs seeking to counter the negative effects of violence. Exploring how the exposures to community and domestic violence interact over time will be useful in refining, targeting and developing effective interventions, she said.
The program collected data from families in the
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is the largest
UAMS is the state’s only comprehensive academic health center, with five colleges, a graduate school, a medical center, six centers of excellence and a statewide network of regional centers. UAMS has 2,538 students and 733 medical residents. Its centers of excellence include the Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute, the Jackson T. Stephens Spine & Neurosciences Institute, the Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy, the
UAMS is the state’s only comprehensive academic health center, with colleges of Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Health Professions and Public Health; a graduate school; a hospital; a northwest Arkansas regional campus; a statewide network of regional centers; and seven institutes: the Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute, the Jackson T. Stephens Spine & Neurosciences Institute, the Myeloma Institute, the Harvey & Bernice Jones Eye Institute, the Psychiatric Research Institute, the Donald W. Reynolds Institute on Aging and the Translational Research Institute. It is the only adult Level 1 trauma center in the state. UAMS has 3,021 students, 789 medical residents and two dental residents. It is the state’s largest public employer with more than 10,000 employees, including about 1,000 physicians and other professionals who provide care to patients at UAMS, Arkansas Children’s Hospital, the VA Medical Center and UAMS regional centers throughout the state. Visit www.uams.edu or www.uamshealth.com. Find us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube or Instagram.