Bladder cancer, which occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder, affects men three times more than women. The risk for bladder increases with age, with the biggest risk occurring after the age 55.
At the UAMS Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute, our fellowship trained urologists providing expert and compassionate care from diagnosis to comprehensive bladder cancer treatment.
While each individual may experience symptoms differently, symptoms may include:
- Visible blood in the urine
- Painful urination
- Frequently feeling the need to urinate without results
- Frequent urination
- Pelvic or flank pain
Since these symptoms may also be associated with other conditions, please consult your doctor for a diagnosis.
The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown. Along with race and gender, risk factors include race, family history, chronic bladder irritation, occupational exposure and lifestyle factors such as smoking.
The three types of bladder cancer include:
- Transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma – This is the most common kind of bladder cancer, and it begins in the cells inside the bladder.
- Squamous cell carcinoma – This is the second most common type of bladder cancer and begins in the squamous cells that line the hollow organs of the body.
- Adenocarcinoma – This type of bladder cancer is the least common and begins in the glandular structures lining certain organs in the body.
Learn more about the Urology Cancer Clinic at UAMS.