Brain Tumor Treatment Options
At UAMS, our neurosurgery experts treat benign and malignant brain tumors in a number of different ways. The type of treatment for a brain tumor often depends on a variety of items including where the tumor is located, tumor type and growth rate. Some brain tumors are often treated by a combination of different therapies including medications, surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
UAMS is the only facility in Arkansas offering non-invasive Gamma Knife treatment for benign and malignant brain tumors as well as other brain diseases. Not actually a knife, the Gamma Knife (GK) is a remarkable device that treats abnormal areas of the brain without making a single incision. The Gamma Knife has proven to be an effective method of treatment for a variety of benign brain tumors. GK treatment results for benign tumors in general:
- Benign tumors: Follow-up of 10 years demonstrates control rates in more than 90 percent of cases. Fifty-three percent of tumors decrease in size while 40 percent remain stable in size. In some cases, combined treatment with surgery and Gamma Knife offers the best opportunity for tumor control.
Specific Benign Tumor Results include:
- Acoustic neuromas (vestibular schwannomas): Up to 93 percent of tumors either decrease in size or remain stable, with near complete facial nerve preservation, over at least two to five years.
- Meningiomas: An average of 93% of cases obtained an arrest of growth or a reduction in size at follow up.
- Pituitary adenomas: Successful treatment in 80 percent of patients, measured in terms of reduced tumor size and/or hormonal levels or unchanged tumor size with normalization of hormone levels
- The Gamma Knife also allows UAMS doctors to treat tumors that were previously considered inoperable because of tumor location, a patient’s age or medical condition.
Please contact us at 501-603-1800 for more information on the Gamma Knife or to learn other ways we treat benign brain tumors at UAMS.